Sheet music

Emerging Technologies

Hitting the Right Notes: How to Decrease Pain, Anxiety During Flexible Cystoscopy

Because music is “simple, inexpensive and easily accessible, it should be routinely offered to patients” during outpatient and office-based urological procedures.

Cystoscope? Check. Stereo?

A new study finds that listening to music during flexible cystoscopy is associated with reduced pain and anxiety.

This likely increases procedural satisfaction and a willingness to undergo the procedure again. And because flexible cystoscopy is often a recurring procedure for surveillance reasons, these findings are potentially significant. The authors write in the study’s conclusion that because music is “simple, inexpensive and easily accessible, it should be routinely offered to patients” during outpatient and office-based urological procedures.

The positive effect of music was also noted in patients having cystoscopic biopsy, which is more painful than cystoscopy alone.

The research, published earlier this month in the Arab Journal of Urology, conducted a systematic review of literature to assess the effect of music on the procedure. The authors’ initial search yielded 234 articles on the topic, but after rigorous scrutiny, four studies were included. These were conducted in the U.S., China, and Italy and lasted between nine and 24 months.

In total, they included 399 patients — 199 who underwent flexible cystoscopy with music playing and 200 who experienced it without. Three of the four studies used only classical music, while the other included a mixture of genres.

Since most of the study’s participants experienced classical music, further research regarding the most beneficial type of music is warranted, the authors conclude, as well as who picks the music. Factors that influence a patient’s choice of “therapeutic music” include moderate volume, melody, use of percussive instruments, and rhythm.

The authors cite a previous study which found music to have a beneficial effect on decreasing pain and anxiety for prostate biopsy, shockwave lithotripsy, urodynamics, and percutaneous nephrostomy, as well as cystoscopy.

More Urology Articles
‘Practical, Inexpensive, and Harmless’ Ways to Reduce Pain During Cystoscopy
Best Practices
A systematic review uncovers ways to reduce the pain of flexible cystoscopy without the use of drugs.
4 Reasons Urologists, Procurement Managers Would Switch to Single-Use Cystoscopes
Emerging Technologies
The authors of a May study investigated worldwide market readiness of single-use flexible cystoscopes through a survey of urologists and procurement managers in France, Germany, Italy, Spain, the United Kingdom, Japan, and the United States.
More From Single-Use Endoscopy
Otolaryngology residency programs are getting into the Instagram game.

Public Health

The matching of medical students with residency programs has been around for years, but Instagram has only recently gotten into the game. Here’s how otolaryngology residency programs are making use of social media to attract the best and brightest to their schools.

Becoming a Next-Gen Urologist

Endoscopy Insights Podcast

Dr. Matthew Katz is affiliated with NYU Langone Health and is a clinical assistant professor in the urology department at the NYU Grossman School of Medicine. He brings a unique perspective to starting a urology practice today, as we learned at AUA 2022.

Prevention Strategies

“If it looks dirty, it’s definitely dirty. If it looks clean, it might still be dirty” — a recent webinar explains this critical insight and more regarding recently mandated cleaning verification tests for high-risk endoscopes.